Since 2005 we have been working as a German – Afghan geographer team in Afghanistan and have been supporting the academic reconstruction.

Geographical knowledge imparts spatial orientation skills and delivers valuable information about reasons and mechanisms of conflicting uses. It provides recommended actions for a responsible treatment of relationships between people and environment.


Higher Education plays a key role in the cooperation with conflict affected areas and requires strategies to prepare the next generations for their future tasks. There are reasons that many countries  have been involved in the reconstruction and development of Afghanistan.

Tasks are complex for all involved parties. Political developments, crisis and the instable security situation are influencing continuously common activities. Despite many bad news, a lot of positive developments have been achieved.

This workshop aims to transfer experiences and interrelationships about the situation in Afghanistan and is offering insights in the „Afghan” perspectives of the happenings. Providing facts and frameworks about motivations driving the people in Afghanistan, cultural and political impacts, the role of migration and how Afghan universities try to cope with challenges of future are topics of this workshop.


  • Geography of Afghanistan: Landscape and population diversity
  • Geopolitics: between state power, political understanding and political stakeholders
  • Migration and refugee movements: correlations, reasons and impact
  • Afghan identity: social contexts of behaviour and cultural identity
  • Key role education: between religion schools and modern universities
  • Challenges of the future: population between urban and rural areas

Learning Outcome

  • Understanding the framework for collaboration with Afghanistan
  • Insights in historical and educational policy backgrounds
  • Explaining the Afghan Higher Education System

    •  Issa, Christine, Kohistani Sardar M. (2016): Bildungshintergründe Afghanistan. In: Althoff, Gabriele, Kotenko, Allison (Hrsg.): Materialien zur Begleitung geflüchteter Studierender. Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst. 1. Aufl. Bonn.
    • Kohistani, Sardar M. (2014): Culture and History: Languages, Development of Administrative Borders, Human Dimensions: Population, Higher Education. In: Dittmann, A. (ed.): National Atlas of Afghanistan 2014, Bonn u.a., pp.68, 76, 78-80, 92.
    • Issa, Christine (2014): Public and Private Services: Energy, Media and Communication; Culture and History: National Sites; Human Dimensions: Health. In: Dittmann, A. (ed.): National Atlas of Afghanistan 2014, Bonn u.a., pp.62, 64, 72, 82-84.
    • Issa, Christine (2012): Baukultur als Symbol nationaler Identität – das Beispiel Kabul, Afghanistan. Gießener Geographische Schriften 82. Bonn u.a.
    • Kohistani, Sardar M. (2011): State-building in Afghanistan. The Role of Institutional Capacity. Gießener Geographische Schriften, H. 81. Bonn u.a.
    • Kohistani, Sardar (2011): Entwicklung und Herausforderungen in der Hochschulbildung Afghanistans. In: Geographische Rundschau, H.11, Jg.63, S. 32-38.
    • Issa, Christine, Staarmann Ándre (2011): Informelle Siedlungen in Kabul-Entwicklungshemmnis oder -chance? In: Geographische Rundschau, H.11, Jg.63, S. 26-31.
    • Kohistani, Sardar M., Issa, Christine (2007): Kabul’s Urban Identity: An Overview of the Socio-Political Aspects of Development, In: Asien 104 (7), Hamburg, pp. 51-64.
    • Kohistani, Sardar M.: Afghanistan (2006): Nation-building in the Minds of People, In: Geographische Rundschau – International Edition 2 (4), Braunschweig, pp. 14-18.
    • Issa, C.(2006): Architecture as a symbol of national identity in Afghanistan: Myth and reality in the reconstruction process of Kabul, In: Geographische Rundschau – International Edition 2 (4), 2006, Braunschweig, pp. 27-32.
    • Kohistani, Sardar M., Yamaguchi, Kai (2005): The Urban Geography of Kabul City. In: Arez, Ghulam Jailani, Dittmann, Andreas (eds.): Kabul – Aspects of Urban Geography, s.n., Peshawar.
    • Kohistani, Sardar. M.(2004): A short glimpse to the Geography of Kapisa (Research Paper), Kabul University, Kabul.
    • Kohistani, Sardar M.(2004): The Higher Education in Afghanistan. International Institute of Education Planning (Research Paper), UNESCO, Paris.
    • Kohistani, Sardar. M. (2004): Analysis of Higher Education in Afghanistan. In: Ministry of Higher Education, UNESCO (ed): Strategic Action Plan for the Development of Higher Education in Afghanistan, International Institute of Education Planning, UNESCO, Paris.
    • Kohistani, Sardar M., Dittmann, Andreas (2004): Wiederaufbau an afghanischen Hochschulen: Disaster- und Hazard-Forschung in den Geowissenschaften, In: Südasien 24 (2/3), Bonn, pp. 41-45.


Geoscientific education, teaching and research offers future aligned coping strategies to meet  the actual challenges of a sustainable spatial development in Afghanistan. We share this knowledge with students, scientists and involved people in reconstruction.


  • Advisory on questions about sustainable development of Higher Education
  • Establishment of geo knowledge and capacity building in Afghanistan
  • Development of educational projects about the spatial development of Afghanistan

UNIVERSITY ADVISORY – Development of Afghan-German university cooperations – Advisory for Afghan ministries – Collaboration at the strategic Higher Education Development Plan – Advisory and Directorship of DAAD Information Center Kabul

WORKSHOP INVOLVEMENTS – Academic Mining Education Afghanistan (AMEA) – Soft skills for DAAD Alumni und Students – Fieldwork methods of Geography and Architecture – Development of B.A. and M.A. Curricula

PROJECT PARTICIPATIONS – Teaching project National Heritage of Afghanistan – International research project squatter settlements in Kabul – Scientific cooperation project National Atlas of Afghanistan


Would you like to know more about our Afghanistan cooperation?

EMAIL office [at]
FON   +49 211. 2392 1786



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